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Cherry (Prunus africana, Prunus emarginata, Prunus serotina)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • African cherry (Prunus africana), anthocyanins, antioxidants, Balaton tart cherry, Bet v1, bing sweet cherries, cherry bezoar, cherry-brandy, cherry extract, cherry jam, cherry juice, cherry pip bezoars, cherry pit, cherry stalk, cherry stone, cherry wood, choke cherries, choke-cherry, cyanide, cyanidin, cyanidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3-glucosylrutinoside, cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, cyanidin-3-rutinoside, makore, nitrates, nitrites, phenolic compounds, polyphenolic compounds, Pru av 1, Pru av 2, Pru av 3, Pru av 4, Prunoideae (sub-family), Prunus africana, Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus emarginata, Prunus genus, Prunus padus, Prunus serotina, Rosaceae (family), rPru av 1, rPru av 3, rPru av 4, sour cherry, sweet cherries, tart cherries, tart cherry, wild cherry, wild cherry bark, wild cherry bark extract, wild cherry bezoar, wild cherry extract.
  • Note: This monograph does not include Indian cherry (Withania somnifera), Barbados cherry (Malpighia glabra), or the Finger cherry tree (Rhodomyrtus macrocarpa).

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Cherry includes members of the Prunus genus, which contains several species that have been used both as food and medicine. The African cherry (Prunus africana) has been utilized somewhat extensively for more than 30 years in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia and other disorders (1).
  • Cherries have been found to contain extensive polyphenolic compounds that may have a number of beneficial biological activities, including antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. These indications must be confirmed clinically before cherry can be recommended.
  • The ability of cherry to relieve exercise-induced muscle damage has been investigated in clinical study. Results are promising, but larger clinical trials are necessary before a strong recommendation can be made.
  • Cherry appears to be highly allergenic. Multiple reports exist of cherry sensitivity in a variety of contexts. Cherry appears to cross-react with a several other plant allergens; in particular those with allergies to birch pollen may be particularly susceptible to the allergens present in cherries.

Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.