Image for Spinach ()
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • Acelga (Portuguese), aedspinat (Estonian), bo cai (Chinese), cheera (Malayalam), Chenopodiaceae (family), chlorophyll, digalactosyl diacylglycerol (DGDG), espinaca (Portuguese, Spanish), espinafre (Portuguese - Brazil), épinard (French), folates, folic acid, glycolipids, gobre palungo (Nepalese), goli spinat (Croatian), hourensou (Japanese), iron, isfanahk (Arabic), ispanahk (Arabic), ispanak (Turkish), ispany (Persian), lutein, monogalactosyl diacylglycerol (MGDG), oxalate, paala koora (Telugu), paalak (Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu), palunga (Nepali), paraj (Hungarian), pinatti (Finnish), pinni (Hindi), potassium, rau bó xôi (Vietnamese), retinoids, sabanekh (Arabic - Egypt), shi geum chi (Korean), shi gum chi (Korean), shpinat ogorodnyi (Russian), sigmchi (Korean), silicon, spanaki (Greek), spenat (Swedish), spenót (Hungarian), spermatophyte, špinača (Slovenian), spinach, spinach extract (NAO), spinach ferredoxin/ferredoxin reductase, spinach powder, Spinacia oleracea, spinacio (Italian), spinat (Danish, Dutch, Norwegian), Spinat (German), spinazi (Dutch), Spinner spinach, Springer spinach, sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (SQDG), szpinak warzywny (Polish), tered (Hebrew), tered hagina (Hebrew), vitamin A, vitamin B6, zeaxanthin.
  • Note: The following plants are of a different genus and species than Spinacia oleracea: Indian spinach (Basella alba) (1), New Zealand spinach (Tetragonia tetragonioides; T. expansa) (2), water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) (3); they do not full under the purview of this monograph.

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is a good source of iron, folic acid, vitamin B6, nitrates, oxalates, beta-carotene, and lutein. In addition to its food value, spinach has a number of therapeutic uses. The German Commission E reports the use of spinach for gastrointestinal disorders, blood-generating therapy, growth stimulation in children, appetite stimulation, convalescent support, and fatigue. Studies have also suggested its use as an antineoplastic, antioxidant, and cancer preventative. Spinach may also reduce age-related eyesight deterioration from macular degeneration and cataracts.
  • Currently, data most promisingly support spinach's antioxidant properties and its ability to reduce age-related tissue damage, including visual problems, and prevent neoplasm formation. However, research remains inconclusive as to these findings, and further study is required before recommendations can be made.

Dosing/Toxicology

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Precautions/Contraindications

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Mechanism of Action

  • Content available for subscribers only.

History

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Evidence Table

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Evidence Discussion

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Products Studied

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Author Information

  • Content available for subscribers only.

References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

  • Content available for subscribers only.
The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.