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Apert syndrome

Related Terms

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Background

  • Apert syndrome, also known as acrocephalosyndactyly type 1 (ACS1), is a rare genetic disorder that occurs when the bones in the skull fuse together sooner than normal. This prevents the head from growing normally and affects the shape of the face. Some of the child's fingers and toes may also be webbed or fused together. In addition, some people may have intellectual disabilities that range from mild to severe.
  • Researchers estimate that Apert syndrome affects about one out of 65,000-100,000 individuals at birth.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment is important to ensure that the child is able to meet his/her maximum potential for growth and development. Children with Apert syndrome need to undergo surgical procedures at an early age (usually when they are three months old) in order to relieve pressure on the brain and allow the head to grow. Several surgeries are generally needed to separate the abnormally fused skull bones. The prognosis varies from child to child. Additional surgeries may be performed to improve the patient's facial appearance and to separate fused fingers and toes.

Causes

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Signs and Symptoms

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Diagnosis

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Complications

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Treatment

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Integrative Therapies

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Prevention

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.