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Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • 4-prenyloxyresveratrol, árbol de pan (Spanish), arbre à pain (French), artocarbene, artocarpesin, artocarpin, artocarpine, Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus camansi, Artocarpus communis, Artocarpus communis Moraceae, Artocarpus incise, Artocarpus incisus, Artocarpus mariannensis, Artocarpus tonkinensis, artochamins, artocommunols, artomunoflavanone, artomunoisoxanthone, bakri-chajhar (Hindi), beta (Vanuatu), BFL, bia (Solomon Islands), blèfoutou (Benin), breadfruit lectin, broodboom (Dutch), broodvrucht (Dutch), Brotfruchtbaum (German), buco (Fiji), bulo (Solomon Islands), chlorophorin, cycloaltilisin 6 (dimeric dihydrochalcone), cycloaltilisin 7 (prenylated flavone), cycloartenol, cyclocomunomethonol, cyclomorusin, dihydroartomunoxanthone, dihydrochalcones, (+)-dihydromorin, fruit à pain (French), fruta de pan (Spanish), fruta pão (Portuguese), frutackin (chitin-binding lectin), frutalin (alpha-D-galactose-binding lectin), frutapan (Caribbean), Gal beta1, GalNAc, geranyl chalcone derivatives, geranyl dihydrochalcones, geranyl flavonoids, isoartocarpesin (6-(3"-methyl-1"-butenyl)-5,7,2',4'-tetrahydroxyflavone), isolespeol, jacalin, kapiak (Papua New Guinea), kuru (Cook Islands), lespeol (Guatemala, Honduras), mai (Micronesia), mazapan (Guatemala, Honduras), meduu (Palau), mei (Micronesia), Moraceae (family), mos (Kosraean - Micronesia), nimbalu (Solomon Islands), nirphanas (Marathi), (+)-norartocarpanon, pain bois (Caribbean), pan (Spanish), panapen (Spanish), panbwa (Caribbean), pão de massa (Portuguese), papayotin, rata del (Sinhalese), rimas (Philippines), shelisheli (Tanzania), sukun (Indonesian), terminal Gal, Thai breadfruit, 'ulu (Hawaiian), 'uru (Society Islands), uto (Fiji), Venezuelan breadfruit, xanthoangelol, yovotévi (Benin).
  • Note: This monograph covers only breadfruit-bearing Artocarpus species and does not go in detail about related species like jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), cempedak (Artocarpus champeden), and marang (Artocarpus odoratissimus). Treculia africana, although known as African breadfruit, is not included in the monograph, as it belongs to a different genus (1;2;3;4;5;6;7).

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a traditional starch-rich crop belonging to the Moraceae family. The tree, native to the Malay Peninsula and western Pacific islands, is extensively cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions (8). The term "breadfruit" is derived from the Greek words artos (bread) and karpos (fruit). The fruit when cooked or baked effuses a fragrance reminiscent of fresh baked bread, hence the name.
  • Breadfruit tree preparation is believed to lower hypertension (9) and has also been studied to treat taeniasis (a digestive tract infection caused by tapeworms belonging to the genus Taenia) (10), diabetes, sore eyes, sciatica, enlarged spleen, skin infections, boils, burns, fractures, gout, oliguria, and rheumatism, and as an anodyne. Leaf extracts of the breadfruit tree have been used to treat toothaches and diarrhea. However, controlled clinical trials are needed before conclusions can be drawn regarding breadfruit for any health condition.

Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.