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Pulmonary aspergillosis and HIV/AIDS

Related Terms

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Background

  • The Aspergillus fungus causes aspergillosis pulmonary infections. Although there are more than 100 Aspergillus species, most human illnesses are caused by Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus niger and, less frequently, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus clavatus.
  • The fungus that causes the infection is commonly found on dead leaves, stored grain, compost piles, and decaying vegetation. People are commonly exposed to the fungus, but it usually only causes infections in individuals who have weakened immune systems, such as HIV/AIDS patients.
  • The fungal spores are transmitted to humans when they are inhaled. Therefore, the infection primarily affects the lungs. However, if the patient is severely immunocompromised (as in HIV/AIDS or cancer patients), the infection may spread to other organs. In such cases, the infection may cause endophthalmitis (inflammation of the eye that is a medical emergency), endocarditis (infection of the lining of the heart), and abscesses in the heart muscle, kidney, liver, spleen, soft tissue, and bone.
  • There are four main types of aspergillosis: allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), chronic necrotizing Aspergillus pneumonia (CNAP), aspergilloma, and invasive aspergillosis.
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Types of Aspergillosis

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Causes

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Symptoms

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Integrative Therapies

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Prevention

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.